GLOBALIZATION AND TRADE

» Alternatives To Corporate Globalization

» Democracy, Sovereignty and Federalism

» Deregulation and Access to Services

» Import Safety, Environment and Health

» Jobs, Wages and Economic Outcomes

» NAFTA, WTO, Other Trade Pacts

» Other Issues

Trade Data Center

One-stop shop for searchable trade databases, case lists & more

Eyes on Trade

Global Trade Watch blog on trade & globalization. Subscribe to RSS.

Debunking Trade Myths

To hide the facts about failed trade policies, proponents are changing the data

Connect with GTW

What's New – Global Trade Watch


View 'What's New' Archives

TPP Investment Map: New Privileges for 28,000 Companies?

The controversial Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) would grant foreign corporations extraordinary new powers to attack the laws we rely on for a clean environmentessential services, and healthy communities. Foreign corporations would be empowered to bypass domestic courts and directly "sue" the U.S. and other TPP governments before tribunals of private lawyers that sit outside of any domestic legal system. These lawyers would be authorized to order governments to hand millions of taxpayer dollars to the corporations for laws that frustrate their "expectations."

This extreme “investor-state” system already has been included in a series of U.S. "free trade" agreements, forcing taxpayers to hand more than $440 million to corporations for toxics bans, land-use rules, regulatory permits, water and timber policies and more. Just under U.S. pacts, more than $34 billion remains pending in corporate claims against medicine patent policies, pollution cleanup requirements, climate and energy laws, and other public interest polices. 

The TPP would roughly double the United States’ exposure to investor-state attacks against U.S. policies, spelling an unprecedented increase in U.S. investor-state liability. If you count all corporations in all countries covered by existing U.S. investor-state pacts, the combined number of firms that can currently launch investor-state cases against the U.S. government is about 1,300 foreign corporations that own about 9,500 U.S. subsidiaries. The TPP would newly empower more than 1,000 additional corporations in TPP countries, which own more than 9,200 additional subsidiaries in the United States, to launch investor-state cases against the U.S. government. No other U.S. pact has subjected the United States to such an increase in investor-state liability. The TPP would also expose other TPP governments to a potential wave of investor-state cases by newly empowering more than 5,200 U.S. corporations to launch investor-state cases against TPP governments on behalf of more than 19,200 subsidiaries.

Below are the maps of the locations of multinational corporations that would get these new rights if Congress would pass the TPP.  In total, corporations with more than 89,000 subsidiaries would be able to use these rights. These corporations could challenge the local zoning and environmental laws of your community, so zoom in using the "+" button to see which corporations are in your city.  Click on the dots to see the names of the corporations and their industry. The color of the marker indicates the country of the parent company. The red lines on the map are the borders of the districts of the U.S. House of Representatives. Click here for a full list of companies based in TPP countries that operate in the United States, sorted by congressional district.

  = Corporation based in Australia   = Corporation based in Vietnam
  = Corporation based in Canada   = Corporation based in Singapore
  = Corporation based in Japan   = Corporation based in Mexico
  = Corporation based in Malaysia   = Corporation based in New Zealand
   = Corporation based in Peru
  = Corporation based in Brunei
  = Corporation based in Chile  


Below is a map of U.S. corporations operating in the TPP countries. Zoom into a specific country by double clicking on the map to view the corporations located there.


Each country, with the exception of Brunei, has hundreds of foreign corporate affiliates established in its territory that would gain new rights under the investor-state dispute system of the TPP. The table below lists just the number of U.S.-owned firms in each other TPP country. It also gives the total number of firms in the United States owned by corporations in TPP countries. The TPP countries that are not already covered by U.S. investor-state pacts include: Australia, Brunei, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, and Vietnam. Corporations in those countries own 9,274 of the 17,708 U.S. subsidiaries listed below.

Number of U.S. Corporations in TPP Countries & TPP Corporations in the U.S.

 Australia

 8,504

 Brunei

 42

 Canada

 25,410

 Chile

 1,315

 Japan

 6,450

 Malaysia

 1,981

 Mexico

 7,693

 New Zealand

 1,608

 Peru

 573

 Singapore

 2,525

 United States

 17,708

 Vietnam

 658


This table indicates, for example, that 8,504 U.S. corporate affiliates are established in Australia, while 17,708 corporate affiliates from the other TPP countries are established in the United States.


The source of information on cross-registered firms is Uniworld's foreign firms database.

Copyright © 2016 Public Citizen. Some rights reserved. Non-commercial use of text and images in which Public Citizen holds the copyright is permitted, with attribution, under the terms and conditions of a Creative Commons License. This Web site is shared by Public Citizen Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation. Learn More about the distinction between these two components of Public Citizen.


Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation

 

You can support the fight for greater government and corporate accountability through a donation to either Public Citizen, Inc., or Public Citizen Foundation, Inc.

Public Citizen lobbies Congress and federal agencies to advance Public Citizen’s mission of advancing government and corporate accountability. When you make a contribution to Public Citizen, you become a member of Public Citizen, showing your support and entitling you to benefits such as Public Citizen News. Contributions to Public Citizen are not tax-deductible.

Public Citizen Foundation focuses on research, public education, and litigation in support of our mission. By law, the Foundation can engage in only very limited lobbying. Contributions to Public Citizen Foundation are tax-deductible.