The Fair Housing Act and its state and local analogs bar housing discrimination based on familial status and other bases in multiple ways. Some smaller landlords are exempt from certain provisions, such as the ban on evicting people for discriminatory reasons, but not from others, such as the bar on discriminatory statements and advertisements. Here, the Davenport Civil Rights Commission found that landlord Seeberger made statements that a reasonable listener would construe as evidencing a discriminatory preference against renting to certain people based on familial status. Every court to consider the question has found equivalent laws regulating discriminatory statements consistent with the First Amendment, because such laws serve an important governmental objective and are narrowly tailored to regulate only commercial speech and only to the extent necessary.
In 2019, after the Iowa Court of Appeals found the landlord potentially liable, she filed a petition for certiorari in the U.S. Supreme Court. The petition contended that, because the landlord was exempt from the ban on discriminatory evictions, the First Amendment bared regulation of her concededly discriminatory statements made in the course of an eviction. Public Citizen served as co-counsel for the Davenport Civil Rights Commission, opposing the petition for certiorari. The Court denied the petition.