Corporate-Rigged Trade Deals: Undermining Food Safety
Trade pacts can require us to limit food labeling and to import meat and poultry that do not meet U.S. food safety standards
The rapid growth in imported food combined with current trade pact rules prioritizing expansion of food trade volumes by limiting countries’ food safety policies means that U.S. consumers are increasingly being forced to rely on foreign governments to regulate the safety of foods sold and consumed here. Unfortunately, recent experience has highlighted that many foreign regulatory systems are simply not up to the task. Thus, relying on foreign governments and their food safety systems to protect Americans' health is a recipe for disaster.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) required us to allow meat and poultry imports from Mexico and Canada if their safety regime was deemed “equivalent” to our own, even if core aspects of our food safety requirements were not met, effectively requiring us to outsource our food inspection to other countries. Even after infrequent U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) spot checks of a sample of Canadian and Mexican processing plants found major health threats, their safety regimes were still deemed “equivalent” to U.S. standards.
Under this corporate-rigged model, any U.S. food safety rule on pesticides, labeling or additives higher than international standards can be subject to challenge as “illegal trade barriers.” The United States can be required to eliminate these rules and allow in the unsafe food under threat of trade sanctions.
Even consumer-friendly food labels are undermined by corporate trade deals. In order to avoid the $1 billion in annual sanctions from Mexico and Canada authorized by the World Trade Organization (WTO), Congress repealed the country-of-origin meat label law. And, under NAFTA and other pacts, a foreign meat processing or food corporation operating within the United States can directly challenge our policies that they claim undermine their expectations – creating the potential for a barrage of new demands for taxpayer compensation.
The good news is that a major threat to the safety of our food was averted when trade activists around the world succeeded in stopping the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP). The TPP would have expanded our requirement to allow food imports if any of the other 11 country’s safety regime was deemed “equivalent” to our own.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration already inspects less than 1 percent of all seafood imports for health hazards. A TPP including Malaysia and Vietnam would have increased seafood imports and further overwhelmed inspectors’ limited ability to ensure the safety of our food. Some TPP countries have serious shrimp and fish safety issues. For example, even with the minimal inspections, high levels of contaminants have been found in Vietnam’s seafood.
The TPP would have expanded the limits on consumer labels providing information on where a food product comes from, how it was produced, or if it contains genetically modified ingredients that are already included in existing “trade” agreements.
Reports and Memos | Press Room | Congress Speaks Out | Partners' Reports and Memos
- President Trump’s Executive Orders Formally Bury TPP’s Corpse, but What About TTIP, TISA, China BIT? (January 23, 2017)
- The Burial of the Zombie TPP: Statement from GTW Director Lori Wallach on President-Elect Trump’s Statement on Withdrawing the U.S. From Being a TPP Signatory (November 22, 2016)
- TPP RIP: Statement of Lori Wallach on the Demise of the Trans-Pacific Partnership in the Lame-Duck Session of Congress (November 15, 2016)
- Press Release: Hidden in the Omnibus: To Comply With World Trade Organization, Congress Kills Country-of-Origin Meat Labels That 90 Percent of Americans Support (December 18, 2015)
- Press Release: WTO Authorizes Over $1 Billion in Sanctions Unless U.S. Guts Popular Country-of-Origin Meat Labels, Disproving Obama Claim That Trade Pacts Can’t Undermine Public Interest Policies (December 7, 2015)
- House Expected to Vote Wednesday to Repeal Country-of-Origin Meat Labels Due to a Trade Agreement Provision That Is Replicated in the TPP (June 9, 2015)
- World Trade Organization Rules Against Popular U.S. Country-of-Origin Meat Labels on Which Consumers Rely (October 20, 2014)
- USDA Stands Firm on Consumer Meat Labels; Will the WTO Continue Its Anti-Consumer Legacy and Authorize Trade Sanctions? (May 23, 2013)
- Rep. DeLauro Statement On Shipments Of Uninspected Vietnamese Catfish To American Supermarkets & TPP (June 21, 2016)
- Rep. DeFazio Statement on H.R. 2393, the Country of Origin Labeling Amendments Act (June 10, 2015)
- Rep. DeLauro Calls For Release Of Trans-Pacific Partnership Food Safety Chapter (May 14, 2015)
- Bipartisan Congressional Letter Highlights Dangers of Vietnamese Seafood in TPP (May 13, 2014)
- Reps. DeFazio, Blumenauer, 120 Members of Congress Urge Environmental Protections to Promote Sustainable Fishery Management in the TPP (February 20, 2014)
- Members of Congress Send a Letter to USTR Calling for Protection of Dolphin-Safe Tuna labeling in the TPP (October 25, 2012)
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