Cost of Anti-retroviral Medicines in Indonesia


Price of patented ARV before 2000 (per 60 tablets) (US$)

Price of patented ARV after 2000 (per 60 tablets) (US$)

Price of generic ARV after government-use authorization (per 60 tablets) (US$)

Lamivudine + zidovudine + nevirapine




Lamivudine (3TC)




Nevirapine (Viramune)




Lamivudine + zidovudine (Combivir)




*The range of subsidized and full-cost prices that patients have to pay.
**The price range in different pharmacies. Indonesia does not have price control on medicines and therefore pharmacies and hospitals charge different prices
Note: The brands of the patented ARVs are in brackets.

Source: Lutifyah and Hira (2006). Data obtained through interview with PT Kimia Farma, the Indonesian generic manufacturer. Cited in M Khor, “Patents, Compulsory Licenses and Access to Medicines: Some Recent Experiences,” Third World Network, 2009.

Kaletra or Aluvia (lopinavr+ritonavir marketed by Abbott Laboratories) costs $83.3 per patient per month, over $1,000 per patient per year for public programs. The private sector price is several times more. (Abbott Laboratories, November 2011)

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