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TAFTA Corporate Empowerment Map

The 75,000 Companies that Could Attack Clean Water Safeguards, Green Energy Policies and Wall Street Reforms

For over a decade, U.S. and European corporations have pushed for an agreement between the United States and Europe – the Trans-Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (TAFTA) – that would roll back consumer, environmental and other important safeguards on both sides of the Atlantic and establish new corporate rights and privileges. In July 2013, European Union (EU) and U.S. negotiators launched TAFTA negotiations, aiming to finish a sweeping deal by 2014.

A “trade” deal only in name, TAFTA would grant foreign firms the power to directly attack domestic health, financial, environmental and other public interest policies that they view as undermining new foreign investor privileges and rights that TAFTA would establish. TAFTA would empower individual foreign corporations to drag the U.S. and EU governments before extrajudicial tribunals, comprised of three private attorneys, that would be authorized to order unlimited taxpayer compensation for domestic policies or government actions seen as undermining corporations’ "expected future profits." This extreme “investor-state” system already has been included in a series of U.S. "free trade" agreements, forcing taxpayers to hand more than $430 million to corporations for toxics bans, land-use rules, regulatory permits, water and timber policies and more. Just under U.S. pacts, more than $38 billion remains pending in corporate claims against medicine patent policies, pollution cleanup requirements, climate and energy laws, and other public interest polices. The EU is proposing for TAFTA an even more radical version of investor privileges than that found in past U.S. pacts.

TAFTA would vastly expand the investor-state threat, given the thousands of corporations doing business in both the United States and EU that would be newly empowered to attack public interest policies. More than 3,400 EU parent corporations own more than 24,200 subsidiaries in the United States, any one of which could provide the basis for an investor-state claim. This exposure to investor-state attacks far exceeds that associated with all other U.S. "free trade" agreement partners. Similarly, the EU would be exposed to a potential wave of investor-state cases from any of the more than 19,900 U.S.-based corporations that own more than 51,400 subsidiaries in the EU. In sum, TAFTA would newly enable corporate attacks on behalf of any of the U.S. and EU’s more than 75,000 cross-registered firms.

Below are the maps of the locations of multinational corporations that would get these new privileges if TAFTA would take effect. Zoom in using the "+" button to see which corporations could challenge zoning, environmental and other local policies in your community. Click on the dots to see the names of the corporations and their industry. The color of the marker indicates the country of the parent company. The red lines on the map are the borders of the districts of the U.S. House of Representatives. Click here for a full list of companies based in EU countries that operate in the United States, sorted by congressional district.

  = Corporation based in France
  = Corporation based in another EU country
  = Corporation based in the U.K.
  = Corporation based in Spain
  = Corporation based in Germany   = Corporation based in Italy
  = Corporation based in the Netherlands
  = Corporation based in Sweden
  = Corporation based in Austria
  = Corporation based in Belgium
  = Corporation based in Poland  


Below is a map of U.S. corporations operating in EU countries that would gain greater rights than domestic firms under TAFTA. Zoom into a specific country by double clicking on the map to view the corporations located there.



The table below lists the number of companies in each country that could provide the basis for an investor-state attack against public interest policies.


Number of U.S. Corporations in EU Countries &
EU Corporations in the U.S.

Austria

900

Belgium

1,527

Bulgaria

248

Croatia

190

Cyprus

119

Czech Republic

938

Denmark

876

Estonia

127

Finland

755

France

7,425

Germany

6,853

Greece

707

Hungary

632

Ireland

1,233

Italy

3,939

Latvia

122

Lithuania

143

Luxembourg

214

Malta

56

Netherlands

2,532

Poland

1,556

Portugal

930

Romania

491

Slovakia

316

Slovenia

131

Spain

3,801

Sweden

2,019

United Kingdom

12,715

United States

24,284


This table indicates, for example, that 900 U.S. corporate affiliates are established in Austria, while 24,284 corporate affiliates from EU countries are established in the United States.


The source of much of the information in the maps is Uniworld's foreign firms database.

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