Hyperglobalization Undermines Response to COVID-19 Crisis

U.S. Exports to China of Ventilators, Masks, Disinfectant, Gloves and More Jumped in January-February 2020 While Imports of Such Goods From China Fell Off

Trends in U.S. Imports and Exports of Ventilators, Masks, Disinfectant, Gloves and More, 1989-2019

The current regime of hyperglobalization is undermining our resilience against the COVID-19 crisis. The United States cannot make or get critical goods people need. More than 40,000 manufacturing facilities have been lost to 25 years of corporate-rigged trade policies that made it easier and less risky to move production overseas to pay workers less and trash the environment.

The infographics below show:

  • From what countries imports into the U.S. of critical COVID-19 response goods are sourced. (Where ever possible, we include data showing volume, not only value, because volume more accurately represents what is actually being traded, given that the value data often reflects distortions in price caused by patents and corporate tax manipulations.);
  • Even though imports into the United States from China of many of these products had declined relative to 2019 and in February and March 2020 had declined relative to January 2020 when demand for such goods began to peak in China as COVID-19 cases grew, this drop off in imports of COVID-response goods from China was not caused by a drop in U.S. demand. Indeed, U.S. demand for masks, gloves, ventilators and more was growing in March. And the United States increased imports of these goods from other countries to try to fill the gap left by the drop in Chinese goods.
  • How the sources of medical goods imported into the United States have shifted over time; and
  • The March 2020 data shows that while U.S. exports to China of essential medical goods declined relative to January and February, exports remained notably higher than the same period last year while imports from China of such goods remain lower than normal. Worryingly, the March data shows a significant new drop in medicine imports from China. Click here to view our recent webinar on the looming COVID-19 medicine shortage.

The United States is especially vulnerable. Having the world’s largest trade deficit year after year means the United States is extremely reliant on other countries, especially China, to provide essential goods. The decline in imports from China of Personal Protective Equipment, such as masks that its residents need would have caused shortages under any circumstances. But then, U.S. government officials urged U.S. firms to expand exports to China of the limited U.S. domestic production of key medical goods instead of considering U.S. residents’ needs. Effective implementation of the DPA would have preempted the export frenzy we see in the data and saved lives. Unfortunately, Americans are still in the dark about the extent to which these critical emergency powers have been used to control exports of critical supplies.

With many critical goods now mainly made in one or two countries, when workers there fall ill or governments prioritize their own peoples’ needs before exporting goods away, a worldwide shortage of masks, gloves, medicine and more quickly develops.

And, it’s hard to quickly increase production elsewhere. Long, thin globalized supply chains make it difficult to source inputs, parts and components needed to scale up domestic production during this crisis. And, monopoly patent protections in many trade agreements expose countries to trade sanctions if they produce medicine, ventilators and more without approval by and payment to pharmaceutical and other firms.

With policymakers and the public distracted, corporate lobbyists are pushing for more of the same trade policies that hatched the unreliable supply chains now failing us all. Instead, we must fundamentally Rethink Trade. The goals should be healthy, resilient communities and economic well-being for more people – not the current priority of maximizing corporate profits.

U.S. Exports of Critical Medical Goods to China
By Month, Jan. 2019-March 2020

Adjusted for Inflation

 

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau


U.S. Exports Into China of Ventilators, Masks, and More Jumped in Early 2020 as Imports of Same from China Fell

(Comparing Jan-March 2019 v. Jan-March 2020)
Adjusted for Inflation

U.S. Exports of
Critical Goods Into China

U.S. Imports of
Critical Goods From China

Change in U.S. Trade Balance in
Critical Goods With China

Face Masks 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $414,890 $1,304,086 214% $308,338,468 $246,833,816 -20% -$307,923,578 -$245,529,731
February $528,558 $12,046,405 2179% $266,584,746 $202,281,686 -24% -$266,056,188 -$190,235,281
March $555,818 $2,062,647 271% $194,768,282 $191,495,244 -2% -$194,212,464 -$189,432,597
Jan-Mar Total $1,499,266 $15,413,138 928% $769,691,496 $640,610,747 -17% -$768,192,229 -$625,197,609
Protective Garments 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $3,670,436 $4,262,552 16% $657,089,749 $509,212,280 -23% -$653,419,313 -$504,949,728
February $3,406,859 $37,684,189 1006% $523,329,821 $399,262,244 -24% -$519,922,962 -$361,578,055
March $4,476,986 $11,025,958 146% $403,577,236 $312,162,953 -23% -$399,100,250 -$301,136,995
Jan-Mar Total $11,554,281 $52,972,699 358% $1,583,996,806 $1,220,637,477 -23% -$1,572,442,525 -$1,167,664,778
Disinfectants/Sterilization Products 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $50,140,414 $110,243,041 120% $39,027,437 $57,715,518 48% $11,112,977 $52,527,523
February $24,369,158 $131,824,581 441% $28,456,302 $36,204,836 27% -$4,087,144 $95,619,745
March $84,512,349 $128,370,075 52% $58,797,486 $39,335,770 -33% $25,714,863 $89,034,305
Jan-Mar Total $159,021,921 $370,437,697 133% $126,281,225 $133,256,124 6% $32,740,696 $237,181,573
Ventilators 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $2,467,532 $2,967,047 20% $47,972,827 $39,670,572 -17% -$45,505,295 -$36,703,526
February $8,443,403 $23,038,502 173% $38,182,490 $29,830,579 -22% -$29,739,087 -$6,792,077
March $7,351,494 $13,939,673 90% $41,232,274 $28,962,004 -30% -$33,880,780 -$15,022,331
Jan-Mar Total $18,262,428 $39,945,221 119% $127,387,591 $98,463,155 -23% -$109,125,162 -$58,517,934
Pharmaceutical Products 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $131,706,042 $189,252,946 44% $139,392,264 $164,270,385 18% -$7,686,222 $24,982,562
February $111,518,257 $255,463,882 129% $104,640,309 $107,100,316 2% $6,877,949 $148,363,565
March $248,059,723 $218,215,776 -12% $136,499,805 $128,938,812 -6% $111,559,918 $89,276,964
Jan-Mar Total $491,284,022 $662,932,604 35% $380,532,378 $400,309,513 5% $110,751,644 $262,623,091
Test Kits 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $112,066,906 $100,128,855 -11% $37,493,219 $43,778,120 17% $74,573,687 $56,350,735
February $97,866,362 $147,849,181 51% $21,191,603 $27,608,162 30% $76,674,759 $120,241,018
March $136,489,204 $131,424,908 -4% $29,681,393 $34,376,158 16% $106,807,810 $97,048,750
Jan-Mar Total $346,422,472 $379,402,944 10% $88,366,215 $105,762,441 20% $258,056,257 $273,640,503
Medical Goods 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020 Percent Change 2019 2020
January $300,051,330 $406,854,441 36% $920,975,496 $814,646,875 -12% -$620,924,167 -$407,792,434
February $245,604,039 $595,860,334 143% $715,800,525 $600,006,138 -16% -$470,196,485 -$4,145,804
March $480,889,755 $502,976,390 5% $669,788,194 $543,775,697 -15% -$188,898,439 -$40,799,307
Jan-Mar Total $1,026,545,124 $1,505,691,165 47% $2,306,564,215 $1,958,428,710 -15% -$1,280,019,091 -$452,737,545


Top Sources of Key COVID-Response Imports to the United States



Where ever possible, we include data showing volume, not only value. Volume more accurately represents what is actually being traded. The value data often reflects distortions in price caused by patents and corporate tax manipulations.

Medical Devices

Medical Device (All Sub-Categories) Imports Into the U.S. by Volume (units)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

"Ventilators and Oxygen Apparatus" are a subset of the category "Medical Devices" and included in the import source data below.

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
China 80,888,258 China 67,961,961 China 41,583,102 Taiwan 11,889,716
Mexico 10,758,529 Mexico 8,501,851 Mexico 16,772,794 India 7,781,760
Costa Rica 4,466,681 Germany 3,695,057 Taiwan 5,943,614 Mexico 6,461,527
Germany 3,670,711 Japan 2,575,858 Japan 5,927,395 Brazil 5,299,312
Japan 3,178,306 Taiwan 1,704,199 India 5,499,082 South Korea 4,901,745
South Korea 2,607,248 India 1,126,744 United Kingdom 4,480,608 Hong Kong 4,679,468
Vietnam 2,579,764 South Korea 1,095,917 Hong Kong 2,550,565 China 2,946,435
Bulgaria 1,535,815 Hong Kong 522,926 Germany 2,458,724 Japan 1,911,476
Sweden 1,513,698 United Kingdom 491,233 South Korea 1,462,179 Ireland 605,431
Indonesia 1,266,168 Philippines 379,846 Brazil 1,068,194 Colombia 558,165
Sum of Imports by Volume 112,465,1785 Sum of Imports by Volume 88,055,5925 Sum of Imports by Volume 87,746,2575 Sum of Imports by Volume 47,035,035

Medical Device (All Sub-Categories) Exports From the U.S. by Volume (units)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Canada 4,039,464 United Kingdom 10,910,491 United Kingdom 2,356,363 Finland 1,122,498
Belgium 2,945,381 Germany 5,169,903 Canada 2,284,248 Germany 1,049,189
Mexico 933,925 Canada 2,756,255 Mexico 1,343,242 Canada 913,097
Indonesia 927,572 Japan 919,701 Germany 1,020,265 Sweden 593,334
Germany 673,396 Thailand 556,224 Chile 939,216 China 568,464
United Kingdom 476,150 Mexico 387,609 Switzerland 417,702 Panama 311,403
South Korea 390,487 New Zealand 242,463 France 390,942 United Kingdom 301,395
China 362,769 France 168,651 Austria 313,018 Mexico 290,177
Russia 319,797 Guatemala 139,237 Japan 241,561 Australia 251,078
Japan 233,830 Belgium 109,639 Brazil 238,360 Japan 215,601
Sum of Exports by Volume 11,302,771 Sum of Exports by Volume 21,360,173 Sum of Exports by Volume 9,544,917 Sum of Exports by Volume 5,616,236

Medical Device (All Sub-Categories) Imports Into the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
Mexico $4,891,965,092 Mexico $2,673,054,050 Japan $705,249,056 Japan $410,530,144
Germany $2,653,179,929 Germany $1,530,648,285 Mexico $616,442,510 Germany $250,148,095
China $1,856,640,550 China $961,613,640 Germany $591,621,588 Mexico $169,686,633
Ireland $1,535,868,333 Japan $891,915,144 Dominican Republic $342,549,535 Dominican Republic $60,284,283
Japan $1,361,353,123 Costa Rica $617,001,581 China $213,110,255 United Kingdom $56,135,102
Singapore $1,068,844,559 Ireland $467,972,599 Singapore $204,414,885 Singapore $53,106,828
Costa Rica $1,013,430,839 Australia $387,442,802 Israel $183,140,663 Ireland $41,444,790
Dominican Republic $838,807,248 Dominican Republic $366,423,358 United Kingdom $130,932,743 France $37,554,719
Israel $767,004,334 Israel $312,312,366 France $92,396,005 Netherlands $33,584,960
Switzerland $738,790,341 Switzerland $276,097,537 Ireland $90,617,281 Pakistan $31,290,837
Sum of Imports by Value $16,725,884,348 Sum of Imports by Value $8,484,481,362 Sum of Imports by Value $3,170,474,521 Sum of Imports by Value $1,143,766,391

Medical Device (All Sub-Categories) Exports From the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Netherlands $1,963,037,159 Germany $1,119,990,703 Japan $754,863,734 Japan $347,775,049
Japan $1,397,121,226 Japan $1,111,205,610 Germany $620,156,776 Germany $270,079,132
Mexico $1,278,812,981 Netherlands $895,730,268 Canada $462,593,904 Canada $201,720,592
China $1,041,929,756 Mexico $838,773,482 France $449,864,588 France $148,228,505
Germany $984,315,463 Canada $795,682,103 Netherlands $391,234,833 Netherlands $133,772,046
Canada $913,270,657 Belgium $795,340,624 United Kingdom $302,648,805 United Kingdom $127,531,796
Belgium $696,224,970 United Kingdom $618,527,502 Mexico $288,430,429 Italy $83,961,226
Australia $549,358,259 France $604,750,402 Belgium $172,237,136 Mexico $81,911,708
United Kingdom $369,055,681 China $469,877,316 Italy $159,766,967 Australia $74,304,550
South Korea $352,149,764 Australia $434,971,124 Australia $149,366,245 Belgium $60,525,993
Sum of Exports by Value $9,545,275,916 Sum of Exports by Value $7,684,849,134 Sum of Exports by Value $3,751,163,417 Sum of Exports by Value $1,529,810,597

Ventilator and Oxygen Apparatus Imports Into the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

“Ventilators and Oxygen Apparatus” are a subset of the category “Medical Devices.” At this level of detail, data is only available by value, not by volume.

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
Singapore $919,514,568 Australia $373,175,399 Mexico $105,160,948 Mexico $41,483,774
China $449,696,746 Mexico $305,683,459 Ireland $63,011,992 Sweden $12,950,801
Mexico $413,936,879 China $204,273,285 Australia $36,344,533 Germany $4,376,534
Australia $256,032,376 New Zealand $99,741,082 Sweden $28,780,950 Canada $4,051,012
New Zealand $117,454,865 Singapore $57,072,576 New Zealand $17,581,910 New Zealand $3,329,416
Sweden $90,193,501 Ireland $42,710,580 Germany $17,360,441 Hong Kong $3,263,071
Ireland $79,209,047 Germany $34,968,403 Italy $10,851,326 Norway $2,641,518
Germany $62,799,921 United Kingdom $32,703,362 Malaysia $10,739,064 United Kingdom $2,235,933
Switzerland $58,287,916 Canada $25,116,165 China $10,398,954 Switzerland $2,008,135
Malaysia $57,864,410 Taiwan $24,773,861 Canada $7,986,373 Denmark $1,193,509
Sum of Imports by Value $2,504,990,229 Sum of Imports by Value $1,200,218,172 Sum of Imports by Value $308,216,491 Sum of Imports by Value $77,533,703

Ventilator and Oxygen Apparatus Exports From the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

“Ventilators and Oxygen Apparatus” are a subset of the category “Medical Devices.” At this level of detail, data is only available by value, not by volume.

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Netherlands $1,963,037,159 Germany $1,119,990,703 Japan $754,863,734 Japan $347,775,049
Japan $1,397,121,226 Japan $1,111,205,610 Germany $620,156,776 Germany $270,079,132
Mexico $1,278,812,981 Netherlands $895,730,268 Canada $462,593,904 Canada $201,720,592
China $1,041,929,756 Mexico $838,773,482 France $449,864,588 France $148,228,505
Germany $984,315,463 Canada $795,682,103 Netherlands $391,234,833 Netherlands $133,772,046
Canada $913,270,657 Belgium $795,340,624 United Kingdom $302,648,805 United Kingdom $127,531,796
Belgium $696,224,970 United Kingdom $618,527,502 Mexico $288,430,429 Italy $83,961,226
Australia $549,358,259 France $604,750,402 Belgium $172,237,136 Mexico $81,911,708
United Kingdom $369,055,681 China $469,877,316 Italy $159,766,967 Australia $74,304,550
South Korea $352,149,764 Australia $434,971,124 Australia $149,366,245 Belgium $60,525,993
Sum of Exports by Value $9,545,275,916 Sum of Exports by Value $7,684,849,134 Sum of Exports by Value $3,751,163,417 Sum of Exports by Value $1,529,810,597


Protective Garments

Protective Garments (All Sub-Categories) Imports Into the U.S. by Volume (kg)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

"Gas and Face Masks With Filters" are a subset of the category "Protective Garments" and included in the import source data below.

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
China 5,646,600,483 China 3,140,959,508 China 939,746,410 China 17,892,743
Mexico 719,432,906 Mexico 986,101,946 Mexico 394,035,316 Taiwan 4,946,203
Canada 246,547,586 Thailand 123,413,641 India 140,026,520 South Korea 4,547,640
Japan 246,348,452 Taiwan 50,514,065 Taiwan 83,521,261 Mexico 3,573,976
India 199,353,137 India 44,187,321 Thailand 37,209,995 Hong Kong 3,294,444
Thailand 150,365,445 Canada 37,973,956 Dominican Republic 33,634,768 Indonesia 1,461,859
Vietnam 128,304,442 Colombia 35,145,625 Haiti 29,075,867 Pakistan 887,975
Israel 72,970,558 Pakistan 31,624,599 Indonesia 25,990,330 Philippines 761,066
Pakistan 58,057,419 South Korea 21,401,978 Hong Kong 24,465,955 Haiti 593,837
Taiwan 54,067,141 Indonesia 20,647,179 United Kingdom 22,382,604 Dominica 473,789
Sum of Imports by Volume 7,522,047,569 Sum of Imports by Volume 4,491,969,818 Sum of Imports by Volume 1,730,089,026 Sum of Imports by Volume 38,433,532

Protective Garments (All Sub-Categories) Exports From the U.S. by Volume (kg)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Mexico 36,057,728 Mexico 4,430,544 Mexico 2,708,460 Belgium 896,946
Canada 2,127,531 Dominican Republic 2,311,016 Belgium 785,006 Haiti 609,941
Australia 178,504 Belgium 1,312,422 United Kingdom 656,506 Mexico 486,090
United Kingdom 169,382 Canada 760,115 Japan 635,896 Japan 395,823
Japan 135,609 Brazil 519,305 Honduras 403,185 China 343,608
Peru 131,939 Panama 246,314 Haiti 201,804 Barbados 187,849
Netherlands 99,373 Japan 146,669 Canada 199,503 Jamaica 169,624
Panama 97,215 South Korea 143,964 Australia 178,806 Canada 129,290
Colombia 96,085 Malaysia 99,134 Netherlands 157,005 Saudi Arabia 82,672
Belgium 92,017 Taiwan 96,337 Panama 145,377 Thailand 72,721
Sum of Exports by Volume 39,185,383 Sum of Exports by Volume 10,065,820 Sum of Exports by Volume 6,071,548 Sum of Exports by Volume 3,374,564

Protective Garments (All Sub-Categories) Imports Into the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
China $6,851,684,907 China $3,301,460,066 China $1,096,612,603 Taiwan $199,858,750
Malaysia $1,691,536,092 Malaysia $795,559,462 Mexico $571,199,311 China $168,997,426
Vietnam $951,863,400 Thailand $495,651,365 Malaysia $544,384,490 Malaysia $143,830,131
Mexico $918,767,475 Mexico $468,834,497 Thailand $291,077,475 South Korea $115,458,165
Thailand $662,136,111 Vietnam $186,665,971 Taiwan $157,175,114 Mexico $91,324,047
Canada $336,624,794 Indonesia $152,293,355 Canada $83,736,351 Hong Kong $44,424,750
Bangladesh $303,822,993 Canada $114,505,059 Indonesia $78,981,896 Thailand $42,827,720
Indonesia $271,958,852 Dominican Republic $82,377,587 India $75,762,653 Canada $34,268,996
Sri Lanka $183,977,208 Honduras $81,820,457 South Korea $50,792,952 United Kingdom $29,680,102
India $129,028,766 Sri Lanka $64,715,155 Sri Lanka $50,269,325 Japan $18,862,399
Sum of Imports by Value $12,301,400,598 Sum of Imports by Value $5,743,882,974 Sum of Imports by Value $2,999,992,170 Sum of Imports by Value $889,532,486

Protective Garments (All Sub-Categories) Exports From the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Canada $327,246,178 Canada $185,985,295 Mexico $153,120,732 Mexico $103,433,638
Mexico $164,716,418 Mexico $95,061,531 Canada $106,699,398 Canada $53,156,358
Germany $47,789,872 Dominican Republic $78,467,034 Japan $74,113,696 Japan $29,961,801
China $46,114,819 Germany $56,705,823 United Kingdom $34,777,755 Germany $24,282,530
Australia $30,551,001 Japan $45,716,169 Belgium $32,795,050 United Kingdom $16,907,741
United Kingdom $30,341,913 United Kingdom $30,420,188 Germany $27,143,117 Belgium $13,297,195
Japan $28,990,628 France $24,483,973 France $22,423,007 Italy $10,501,075
France $28,522,263 South Korea $22,145,093 Dominican Republic $20,426,533 Australia $9,574,801
Belgium $28,230,000 Australia $20,167,889 Australia $18,620,417 Netherlands $7,795,286
Chile $23,661,077 Brazil $19,306,830 Netherlands $15,277,127 Haiti $7,173,783
Sum of Exports by Value $756,164,169 Sum of Exports by Value $578,459,825 Sum of Exports by Value $505,396,832 Sum of Exports by Value $276,084,208

Gas and Face Masks with Filters Imports Into the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

"Gas and Face Masks with Filters" are a subset of the category "Protective Garments." At this level of detail, data is only available by value, not by volume.

Top 10
Import Sources
2019
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
2009
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1999
Imports
Top 10
Import Sources
1989
Imports
China $3,189,272,000 China $1,439,141,060 China $503,920,296 Taiwan $58,989,311
Mexico $523,264,774 Mexico $343,820,813 Mexico $311,200,604 China $53,644,768
Canada $139,422,847 Dominican Republic $82,244,263 Taiwan $69,233,311 Mexico $38,610,215
India $97,544,450 Canada $54,163,585 India $62,659,051 United Kingdom $22,499,578
Dominican Rep $91,674,268 India $40,760,399 Canada $37,769,404 Canada $17,091,807
Vietnam $90,040,220 Taiwan $39,146,473 France $24,174,275 South Korea $15,366,986
United Kingdom $70,345,632 United Kingdom $34,287,073 United Kingdom $19,600,024 Japan $12,342,685
France $67,301,124 Thailand $30,532,552 South Korea $18,446,243 France $10,967,474
Taiwan $63,761,767 Germany $24,435,721 Thailand $18,271,588 Germany $10,159,004
Germany $45,273,494 Pakistan $20,319,764 Japan $15,958,726 Hong Kong $9,997,485
Sum of Imports by Value $4,377,900,576 Sum of Imports by Value $2,108,851,703 Sum of Imports by Value $1,081,233,522 Sum of Imports by Value $249,669,313

Gas and Face Masks with Filters Exports From the U.S. by Value (USD)
Not Adjusted For Inflation

"Gas and Face Masks With Filters" are a subset of the category "Protective Garments." At this level of detail, data is only available by value, not by volume.

Top 10
Export Destinations
2019
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
2009
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1999
Exports
Top 10
Export Destinations
1989
Exports
Canada $214,043,484 Canada $140,276,185 Mexico $88,460,583 Canada $40,769,309
Mexico $133,880,177 Mexico $71,323,597 Canada $78,812,335 Mexico $37,339,725
Germany $43,819,919 Germany $51,998,281 Japan $27,733,793 Germany $10,598,449
China $36,406,575 United Kingdom $24,075,495 Germany $17,492,626 Japan $10,139,555
France $26,662,602 Japan $21,842,438 France $16,565,891 United Kingdom $8,170,670
Belgium $26,528,804 France $21,252,087 United Kingdom $15,269,254 Australia $6,149,826
Australia $24,930,880 Hong Kong $16,648,680 Australia $13,808,153 Netherlands $5,930,967
United Kingdom $24,033,009 China $14,773,113 Netherlands $10,232,750 Italy $4,309,139
Japan $22,174,224 Brazil $14,453,160 Dominican Republic $9,992,822 France $2,731,902
Chile $20,877,425 Australia $14,189,206 Argentina $4,341,889 South Korea $2,650,994
Sum of Exports by Value $573,357,099 Sum of Exports by Value $390,832,242 Sum of Exports by Value $282,710,096 Sum of Exports by Value $128,790,536

Data Notes

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Data sourced from the U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. International Trade Commission. HS codes for product categories were compiled based on our research, as well as similar studies and guidance from the World Customs Organization. In some instances, volume data was not available at the needed level of detail or was accounted for in different units of measurement by bilateral trade relationship. The 1989-2019 data is not adjusted for inflation because doing so is not necessary to compare the relative rank of import sources and export destinations. In contrast, the 2019-2020 data, which measures growth in value over time, is adjusted for inflation to base month March 2020 so that the measurement is growth in real terms.

Technical Categories of Goods Based on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS)

CATEGORYSUB-CATEGORYFound Under HS Code*Product
Protective GarmentsFace and Eye Protection6307.90Face Mask with Filter
Protective GarmentsFace and Eye Protection9020.00Gas Masks
Protective GarmentsFace and Eye Protection3926.20Plastic Face Shields
Protective GarmentsGloves3926.2010Plastic Gloves
Protective GarmentsGloves4015.11Surgical Rubber Gloves
Protective GarmentsGloves4015.19Other Rubber Gloves
Protective GarmentsGloves6116.10Knitted or Crocheted Gloves & Covered w/ Plastic/Rubber
Protective GarmentsGloves6216.00Textile Gloves, Not Knitted or Crocheted
Protective GarmentsOther6505.00Disposal Hair Nets
Protective GarmentsOther6210.10Surgical/Medical Protective Equipment
Protective GarmentsOther6210.20Other Rubberized Textile Protective Garments
Protective GarmentsOther6210.30Other Rubberized Textile Protective Garments
Protective GarmentsOther6210.40Other Rubberized Textile Protective Garments
Protective GarmentsOther62.10.50Other Rubberized Textile Protective Garments
Protective GarmentsOther3926.20Protective Garments Made from Plastic Sheeting
Medical DevicesThermometers9025.11Liquid filled thermometer for direct reading
Medical DevicesThermometers9025.19Other thermometers
Medical DevicesCT Scanners9022.12Computed Tomography Scanners
Medical DevicesVentilator-like Products9018.90Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO)
Medical DevicesVentilator-like Products9019.20Ventilators
Medical DevicesVentilator-like Products9019.20Other Oxygen Therapy Apparatus
Medical DevicesOther Medical Devices9018.19Patient Monitoring Devices

*Sometimes multiple product categories are found under one 6-digit HS code; in such circumstances, the 6-digit HS code has been measured once for both products.