In May 2017, I Showed Up at Houston’s City Council Meeting With a Request: A Climate Action Plan for the City.
By Stephanie Thomas
HOUSTON – In May 2017, I showed up at Houston’s City Council meeting with a request: a climate action plan for the city.
In mid-2018, Mayor Sylvester Turner agreed to create the plan. As a member of the Climate Mayors, Mayor Turner has committed the City of Houston to meeting the goals of the Paris Climate Agreement. And now, the City of Houston has a draft climate action plan that is currently open to public comment through August 31st.
Emissions in Houston
In order to know where to go, you have to know where you’ve been. Prior to the draft plan’s creation, the city undertook an emissions inventory using 2014 data. The city found that in 2014, 34.3 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) were emitted. Of those emissions, 47% came from transportation, 49% came from commercial and residential buildings, and 4% came from manufacturing, waste, and fugitive emissions.
It is important to note that the emissions inventory was community-wide, but limited in scope. For instance, the Port of Houston and the Houston Ship Channel, neither of which are located within the city boundaries, were not included in the emissions inventory.
Houston is second only to Pittsburgh in per capita emissions, with 14.9 metric tonnes of CO2e per person. And if the Port and Ship Channel had been included, it’s easy to see how we might be number one. And that’s not how we want Houston to lead!
Climate Action Planning
What’s the goal of Houston’s Climate Action Plan? It’s to bring Houston to carbon neutrality by 2050. Carbon neutrality isn’t zero emissions. What it means is that all of the greenhouse gas emissions are balanced so that there are no net emissions. This requires two approaches: reducing emissions to move toward zero emissions and offsetting emissions so that for every tonne of CO2e released in the city, a tonne is captured.
Without action, the baseline forecast predicts GHG emissions through 2050. With action and offsets, the GHG emissions reductions predictions reach net zero by 2050. Note the 2030 reduction target of 40% and the 2040 reduction target of 75%.
What is the City Focusing On?
This plan focuses largely on emissions reductions. It is not a climate resiliency plan, which can help Houston adapt to a warmer world and all of the climatic repercussions, such as heat, drought, and more intense rainfall. Those elements are being examined as part of the City’s Resiliency Plan.
The Climate Action Plan focuses on four key areas: transportation, energy transition, building optimization, and materials management, with three topline goals for each category.
One of the challenges of the climate action plan is the numerous stakeholders that need to be on board. These include Houston METRO, the Houston-Galveston Area Council, state agencies like the Texas Department of Transportation, the private sector, and the community.
One thing the Climate Action Plan is missing is a clear demonstration of how its goals comply with the Paris Climate Agreement.
Mayor Turner committed to upholding the Paris Climate Agreement, which would limit warming to under 2°C. But that’s not good enough. More recent reports highlight that we need even more aggressive climate action to limit warming to 1.5°C–with most emissions reductions coming in the next decade or so. An ambitious emissions reduction strategy between 2020 and 2030 will help set the city on course to appropriately reduce emissions.
Furthermore, the city should set biennial emissions reductions targets and track progress toward these targets with updates to the emissions inventory. If you have a fitness app monitoring your daily progress and exercise habits, then you know how useful constant monitoring and feedback are in changing behavior. Consistently and systematically reviewing progress will help the city keep on course.
What can you do?
And keep the heat on the city to move forward with climate action. Houston is vulnerable and as Houstonians we need to come together to protect our city from climate disasters by aggressively tackling our emissions.
Stephanie Thomas, Ph.D, is a researcher and community organizer in Public Citizen’s Houston office.