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Ryan, LLC v. Federal Trade Commission

In 2024, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) found that noncompete clauses in employment contracts are unfair methods of competition and, therefore, issued a rule restricting use of noncompete clauses. A company called Ryan, LLC filed suit challenging the rule on several grounds, and the Chamber of Commerce and other business associations intervened to challenge the rule as well. Both Ryan and the intervenors moved to stay the rule’s September 2024 effective date and to preliminarily enjoin the enforcement of the rule.

Public Citizen, joined by National Employment Law Project, filed an amicus brief in support of the FTC. Our amicus brief explains that the rule has a strong basis in the record, which shows that noncompete provisions lower wages and reduce job mobility, and are often imposed on workers without meaningful consent. For low-wage workers, who often lack bargaining power and access to legal resources, the consequences of a noncompete provision can impose particular hardship. Second, the brief explains that, contrary to the Chamber’s argument, the rule is not retroactive.

Public Citizen and NELP also filed an amicus brief in a similar case pending in Pennsylvania.