U.S. Civil Society Letter to U.S. Chief Negotiator Barbara Weisel
U.S. Civil Society Organizations Call for Transparency and Stakeholder Engagement in Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Negotiations
Assistant U.S. Trade Representative for Asia and the South Pacific
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative
February 4, 2013
Dear Ms. Weisel:
At your most recent briefing with civil society stakeholders on January 10, 2013, you invited civil society organization stakeholders to share with you our desires with respect to stakeholder engagement during the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiating rounds. We appreciate your willingness to share these requests with the Singapore lead, as well as the rest of the TPP partners who would be hosting upcoming rounds of negotiations.
As U.S. organizations with broad constituencies that will be affected by many aspects of the TPP, we have and will continue to utilize all opportunities to provide input and technical expertise to negotiators. We believe that such civil society stakeholder engagement with negotiators is critical during the negotiating rounds. Therefore, we believe that –at a minimum – stakeholder engagement during the TPP negotiating rounds should include the following:
Hosts should publicize the schedule of stakeholder events and indicative timetable of working groups to enable stakeholders to plan travel with enough advance notice to find reasonably-priced airfare and accommodations.
Timetable of which negotiating groups are meeting in which rooms should be made available to all stakeholders.
Stakeholders should have access to venue where negotiations are taking place, including to corridors during coffee breaks.
Lead negotiators should provide briefings for stakeholders at both the start and end of the negotiating round. Call-in options should be made available for stakeholders unable to participate in person.
Space and time should be provided for stakeholder presentations during a day/time when negotiations are not in session. The rooms for the stakeholder presentations must be large enough to accommodate all relevant negotiators. Stakeholders should be provided with a minimum of 15 minutes for each presentation.
Any tabling opportunity should also occur when negotiations are not in session and should not occur during the same time as stakeholder presentation sessions.
Internet access should be made available for stakeholders at the venue.
A reception for negotiators should be made open to all stakeholders to encourage informal interactions.
Work space should be provided for NGO stakeholders that includes tables, printers, and a photocopier.
Hosts should commit to distribute NGO stakeholder documents to delegations in a timely manner.
While we believe that facilitating stakeholder engagement in this way is critical as negotiations advance, we respectfully reiterate our earlier demands for negotiating texts to be made public. USTR has engaged in TPP negotiations for nearly three years without any public access to even the most fundamental draft agreement texts or summaries. This stands in contrast to the negotiation of the multi-country Free Trade Area of the Americas, for which a complete draft composite text was publicly released, and to negotiations related to the WTO DohaRound, for which various proposed agreement texts were also made public, as well as multiple other internationalnegotiating fora.
This lack of transparency has severely limited meaningful input by civil society and other stakeholders who have adirect and long-term interest in the outcome of these negotiations. Yet, under the trade advisory system, morethan 600 official advisors mainly representing business interests have direct access to at least the U.S. proposalsand thus, unlike the public and most of Congress, have a greater ability to directly influence the TPP’s terms.Greater transparency and inclusiveness is essential to such negotiations, particularly as the scope with respectto both the subject matter and the countries potentially involved are expanded. The enforceability andpermanence of such binding rules, with later changes to an adopted pact requiring agreement by all signatorycountries, necessitates maximal transparency and extreme care during the negotiation phase.
Thank you for your attention and for passing these requests and concerns to your counterparts in other TPPcountries.
American Medical Students Association
Columban Center for Advocacy and Outreach
Citizens Trade Campaign
Communication Workers of America
Doctors Without Borders - Access Campaign
Electronic Frontier Foundation
Environmental Investigation Agency
Friends of the Earth
Humane Society International
International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers
International Brotherhood of Boilermakers
International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
International Fund for Animal Welfare
Institute for Policy Studies, Global Economy Project
Just Foreign Policy
Knowledge Ecology International
Rainforest Action Network
United Church of Christ, Justice and Witness Ministries
Universities Allied for Essential Medicines (UAEM)
Witness for Peace