Actions in Thailand

 “Extending the benefits of Thailand’s compulsory licenses is important to improving healthcare services for migrant workers. No clause in the TRIPS Agreement restricts the use of flexibilities such as compulsory licensing to a particular population. The Ministry of Health should review its policy."

Ms Supatra Nacapew, Director of Foundation for AIDS Rights and Chairperson of the Thai NGO Coalition on AIDS:


 “At the recent UN High Level Meeting in New York City, Thailand announced a national AIDS plan with a mission to promote “access for all”. Every person in Thailand has a right to access ARV treatment, whether they are Thais or migrant workers. Access to antiretrovirals under the compulsory licensing policy should be available to everyone."--

Mr. Apiwat Kwangkaew, Chairperson of the Thai Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (TNP+)

“Basically it’s all about rights: the rights of patients to access standard medical care. We need to break through legal restrictions on access to health care for migrant workers.”

Mr. Nimit Tienudom, Director of AIDS Access Foundation




In late 2006 and early 2007, the Thai government issued several compulsory licenses facilitating imports of generic antiretrovirals (efavirenz and lopinavir + ritonavir) and medicines for cardiovascular disease and cancer. 

Migrant workers, however, receive limited health care services and must pay out of pocket for HIV/AIDS drugs. As part of the global campaign, Thai civil society organizations are working to extend the compulsory license to migrant workers.


Compulsory License-Related Documents

July 19, 2012-Letter from civil society calling for the rejection of Gilead patent applications (links to infojustice) 

February 19, 2008- Letter from over 40 U.S. public health, consumer and development organizations and experts to Thailand's Minister of Health, Chaiya Sasomsab

October 23, 2007- Report by Sean Flynn, Associate Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP) at American University: Abbott's Refusal to Register Medicines as a Contravention of Section 28 of the Thailand Competition Act 

September 21, 2007- Essential Action Factsheet: Access to Medicines in Thailand: Interference by the United States (links to

June 20, 2007-Letter from 35 Members of Congress to USTR criticizin the placement of Thailand on the "priority watch" list (links to

January 10, 2007- Letter from 22 Members of Congress to USTR asking for an end to pressure on Thailand for its compulsory licenses (links to


History of Compulsory Licenses in Thailand Archive


Return to the Kaletra Campaign Homepage