ONG Derechos Digitales has recently published two articles: Ex jefe negociador de lost TLC de Chile pide más transparencia en negociaciones del TPP and Se lanza plataforma “TPP Abierto” con dura crítica a los beneficios del tratado para Chile.
In them, both Osvaldo Rosales, director of the Division of International Trade and Integration of CEPAL and ex-chief negotiator of the Chilean Free Trade Agreement with the US, and Carlos Furche, former director of DIRECON, criticize the TPP for its lack of transparency and clarity.
Below is an English summary translated by PC’s Global Access to Medicine Team:
Ex-Chief Negotiator of Chile’s FTA Asks for More Transparency in the TPP Negotiations
Osvaldo Rosales, director of the Division of International Trade and Integration of CEPAL and former chief negotiator of the Chilean Free Trade Agreement with the US, joins both the Chilean government’s former chief negotiator of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the former director of the Directorate General of International Economic Relations (DIRECON) in criticizing the TPP negotiations for their lack of information and transparency.
In Rosales’ recent column for Diario Financiero, he aligns himself with the message touted by the group “TPP Abierto” (tppabierto.org) and raises three main concerns:
The TPP will have global repercussions that affect Chile on national and regional levels. Rosales urges for more information and greater transparency, especially when a cost-benefit analysis is not clear. He asks Direcon to provide a document on possible costs and benefits that specifically delineates the “red lines” within the negotiation.
Chile must not lose what they have gained through their Free Trade Agreement with the United States. Additionally, he warns that the TPP may not be the best way to strengthen relations with economic powerhouse China.
Lastly, he is most emphatic on how the TPP will affect digital rights:
Two legislative attempts, the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Protection of Intellectual Property Act (PIPA) were stopped in 2011, but their restrictive measures have only been delayed. Chile must ensure that the TPP does not follow suit and limit or cut freedom of expression and technological innovation. Neither the Internet, free software, Google nor Wikipedia would have been possible in a world that primarily focused on profit and individual ownership. Innovation is made possible through open access programs and the utilization of the Internet as a space for creative collaboration. The TPP cannot restrict Chile’s access to these opportunities.
For Francisco Vera, director of the Digital Rights NGO (Derechos Digitales), Rosales’ opinion reaffirms the criticisms raised by “TPP Abierto.” There is a great need for transparency and open debate over the TPP because its implications go beyond the issues of the current administration.
“TPP Abierto” launches with harsh criticism over the treaty benefits of the TPP for Chile
Carlos Furche, former director of DIRECON from 2004-2010, in his report “Chile and the Negotiations of the TPP: Analysis of the Economic and Political Impact,” raises concern over the lack of transparency and information surrounding the TPP, a free trade agreement secretly taking place despite public opposition. Furche is alarmed by the small, almost non-existent benefits in both imports and exports, in addition to the vulnerability of Chile’s coherent regulatory power over its intellectual property if the TPP is signed by the Chilean government in October.
Furche joins other TPP critics, including Rodrigo Contreras, the former chief negotiator for president Piñera, Osvaldo Rosales, former chief negotiator for the Free Trade Agreements with the United States and the European Union, Carlos Ominami, and Cristían Fuentes.
Furche criticizes the lack of clarity over what costs and benefits Chile has at stake in the TPP negotiations, especially since Chile already has Free Trade Agreements with each country involved. Furche believes Chile has zero incentive to make concessions, especially in the areas of intellectual property, digital rights, and financial movement.
Furche’s full report on the TPP can be found on Derechos Digitales’ website. Francisco Vera, director of the Digital Rights NGO (Derechos Digitales) and promoter of the civil group “TPP Abierto,” aims to provide key information on how the TPP will affect access to health, knowledge, and digital and consumer rights. The purpose of the site is to alert Chile’s government that their citizens resent the consequences of the TPP and calls to open the debate to the community so that the TPP can be an opportunity to develop, and not stymie, their nation.
See original article in Spanish here: Se lanza plataforma “TPP Abierto” con dura crítica a los beneficios del tratado para Chile (links to www.derechodigitales.org)
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