In a petition filed in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit, Public Citizen, along with Advocates for Highway and Auto Safety, the Truck Safety Coalition, and two individual truck drivers asked the court to review the final hours-of-service rule issued by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) in 2011. Like three previous rules issued by FMCSA in 2005, 2003, and 2008, the 2011 rule significantly increases the permissible number of hours that drivers may drive, both per shift and on a weekly basis. The D.C. Circuit ultimately held that the rule reflected a permissible balancing of relevant factors by FMCSA and upheld it against challenges both by the safety group and industry, which claimed that the restrictions were too stringent.