History of Compulsory Licenses in Thailand Archive



Actions in Thailand

 “Extending the benefits of Thailand’s compulsory licenses is important to improving healthcare services for migrant workers. No clause in the TRIPS Agreement restricts the use of flexibilities such as compulsory licensing to a particular population. The Ministry of Health should review its policy."

Ms Supatra Nacapew, Director of Foundation for AIDS Rights and Chairperson of the Thai NGO Coalition on AIDS:

 “At the recent UN High Level Meeting in New York City, Thailand announced a national AIDS plan with a mission to promote “access for all”. Every person in Thailand has a right to access ARV treatment, whether they are Thais or migrant workers. Access to antiretrovirals under the compulsory licensing policy should be available to everyone."--

Mr. Apiwat Kwangkaew, Chairperson of the Thai Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS (TNP+)

“Basically it’s all about rights: the rights of patients to access standard medical care. We need to break through legal restrictions on access to health care for migrant workers.”

Mr. Nimit Tienudom, Director of AIDS Access Foundation

In late 2006 and early 2007, the Thai government issued several compulsory licenses facilitating imports of generic antiretrovirals (efavirenz and lopinavir + ritonavir) and medicines for cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Migrant workers, however, receive limited health care services and must pay out of pocket for HIV/AIDS drugs. As part of the global campaign, Thai civil society organizations are working to extend the compulsory license to migrant workers.


Compulsory License-Related Documents 


July 19, 2012-Letter from civil calling for the rejection of Gilead patent applications (links to infojustice)

February 19, 2008- Letter from over 40 U.S. public health, consumer and development organizations and experts to Thailand's Minister of Health, Chaiya Sasomsab

October 23, 2007- Report by Sean Flynn, Associate Director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP) at American University: Abbott's Refusal to Register Medicines as a Contravention of Section 28 of the Thailand Competition Act

September 21, 2007- Essential Action Factsheet: Access to Medicines in Thailand: Interference by the United States (links to essentialaction.org)

June 20, 2007-Letter from 35 Members of Congress to USTR criticizin the placement of Thailand on the "priority watch" list  (links to essentialaction.org)

January 10, 2007- Letter from 22 Members of Congress to USTR asking for an end to pressure on Thailand for its compulsory licenses (links to essentialaction.org)

Return to the Kaletra Campaign Homepage

Copyright © 2016 Public Citizen. Some rights reserved. Non-commercial use of text and images in which Public Citizen holds the copyright is permitted, with attribution, under the terms and conditions of a Creative Commons License. This Web site is shared by Public Citizen Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation. Learn More about the distinction between these two components of Public Citizen.

Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation


Together, two separate corporate entities called Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation, Inc., form Public Citizen. Both entities are part of the same overall organization, and this Web site refers to the two organizations collectively as Public Citizen.

Although the work of the two components overlaps, some activities are done by one component and not the other. The primary distinction is with respect to lobbying activity. Public Citizen, Inc., an IRS § 501(c)(4) entity, lobbies Congress to advance Public Citizen’s mission of protecting public health and safety, advancing government transparency, and urging corporate accountability. Public Citizen Foundation, however, is an IRS § 501(c)(3) organization. Accordingly, its ability to engage in lobbying is limited by federal law, but it may receive donations that are tax-deductible by the contributor. Public Citizen Inc. does most of the lobbying activity discussed on the Public Citizen Web site. Public Citizen Foundation performs most of the litigation and education activities discussed on the Web site.

You may make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., Public Citizen Foundation, or both. Contributions to both organizations are used to support our public interest work. However, each Public Citizen component will use only the funds contributed directly to it to carry out the activities it conducts as part of Public Citizen’s mission. Only gifts to the Foundation are tax-deductible. Individuals who want to join Public Citizen should make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., which will not be tax deductible.


To become a member of Public Citizen, click here.
To become a member and make an additional tax-deductible donation to Public Citizen Foundation, click here.