History of compulsory licensing in China


August 5, 2013 -
Bio World: China Revokes Viread Patent; Pricing Was at Issue (links to bioworld.com)

 June 8, 2012-Reuters: China Changes Patent Law in Fight for Cheaper Drugs (links to Reuters)

 November 10, 2011-Chinese civil society organizations send letter to Abbott Laboratories

Actions in China 

"High treatment costs, as well as poor education, poverty, stigma, and information imbalances, make the voice and bargaining power of the people-living-with HIV community extremely weak in China. Many people living with HIV in China live in poverty, or become poor due to the heavy burden of treatment costs."

-- Jia Ping, Founder and CEO of China Global Fund Watch Initiative

China's GDP per capita in 2010 was around 4,000 U.S. dollars. But the gap between rich and poor is great, with a Gini Coefficient of 0.48. Currently, the market price of Kaletra in China is around 900RMB($150) per month for each AIDS patient ($1800 per person per year), which constitutes a heavy burden for people living with HIV/AIDS who have yet not been covered by the government free ARV treatment program.

China's reported HIV cases total 370,393, including 132,400 people receiving treatment and 68,315 reported deaths. The joint report of China's Ministry of Health, UNAIDS and the World Health Organization estimated 740,000 people live with HIV in China -- with 26,000 deaths in 2009.

People living with HIV in rural areas face exacerbated challenges, including poverty. In urban areas, many people living with HIV dare not disclose their health status, for fear of losing their jobs and livelihood due to stigma and social discrimination.

China Global Fund Watch Initiative and the Access to Medicines Research Group sent a letter to Abbott Laboratories requesting an open license, which would enable China to access affordable generic lopinavir + ritonavir. 

Copy of the letter sent by Chinese civil society organizations to Abbott Laboratories, (11/10/2011)





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