GLOBALIZATION AND TRADE

» Alternatives To Corporate Globalization

» Democracy, Sovereignty and Federalism

» Deregulation and Access to Services

» Import Safety, Environment and Health

» Jobs, Wages and Economic Outcomes

» NAFTA, WTO, Other Trade Pacts

» Other Issues

Trade Data Center

One-stop shop for searchable trade databases, case lists & more

Eyes on Trade

Global Trade Watch blog on globalization & trade. Subscribe to RSS.

Debunking Trade Myths

To hide the facts about failed trade policies, proponents are changing the data

Connect with GTW

What's New – Global Trade Watch


View 'What's New' Archives

Burma Case II: Case Notes in National Foreign Trade Council v. Baker

TABLE OF AUTHORITIES

Cases


Animal Legal Defense Fund, Inc. v.

Fisheries & Wildlife Board,

416 Mass. 635, 624 N.E.2d 556 (1993) 15

Associated Gen. Contractors of Mass., Inc.

v. Altshuler,

490 F.2d 9 (1st Cir. 1973),

cert. denied, 416 U.S. 957 (1974) 22

Barclays Bank v. Franchise Tax Board,

512 U.S. 298 (1994) 41, 43, 50, 57

Barnett Bank v. Nelson,

116 S. Ct. 1103 (1996) 18

Beal v. Doe,

432 U.S. 438 (1977) 20

Bethlehem Steel Corp. v. Board of Commissioners,

276 Cal. App.2d 221,

80 Cal. Reptr. 800 (1969) 51n

Board of Trustees v. Mayor and City Council of Baltimore,

562 A.2d 720 (Md. 1989),

cert. denied, 493 U.S. 1093 (1990) 19, 24n, 26, 28n, 30,

31, 32, 34, 35, 36,

39, 48, 49,51n, 52n

Building & Constr. Trades Council v.

Associated Builders & Contractors,

507 U.S. 218 (1993) 36-37, 37

CTS Corp. v. Dynamics Corp. of America,

481 U.S. 69 (1987) 22

California State Board of Optometry
v.

Federal Trade Comm'n
,

910 F.2d 976 (D.C. Cir. 1990) 19

Camps Newfound/Owatonna v. Town of Harrison,

117 S. Ct. 1590 (1997) 33, 40n

Chamber of Commerce v. Reich,

74 F.3d 1322 (D.C. Cir. 1996) 37

Clark v. Allen,

331 U.S. 503 (1947) 48, 49

Container Corp. of America v. Franchise Tax Board,

463 U.S. 159 (1983) 42, 51n

Cort v. Ash, 422 U.S. 66 (1975) 20

County of Suffolk v. Long Island Lighting Co.,

710 F. Supp. 1387 (E.D. N.Y. 1989),

aff'd, 907 F.2d 1295 (2d Cir. 1990) 53n

De Canas v. Bica,

424 U.S. 351 (1976) 27

Drinan v. Nixon,

364 F. Supp. 854 (D. Mass. 1973) 56n, 57

English v. General Electric Co.,

496 U.S. 72 (1990) 25-26

Exxon Corp. v. Governor of Maryland,

437 U.S. 117 (1978) 27, 39

FW/BS, Inc
. v. City of Dallas,

493 U.S. 215 (1990) 12

First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti,

435 U.S. 765 (1978) 53n

Florida Lime & Avocado Growers, Inc. v. Paul,

373 U.S. 132 (1963) 18

Foster v. Center Township of LaPorte County,

798 F.2d 237 (7th Cir. 1986) 16

Furtick v. Medford Housing Authority,

963 F. Supp. 64 (D. Mass. 1997) 20

Greater Boston Chamber of Commerce v.

City of Boston,

772 F. Supp. 696 (D. Mass. 1991) 13n

Hines v. Davidowitz,

312 U.S. 52 (1941) 18

Hughes v. Alexandria Scrap Corp.,

426 U.S. 794 (1976) 29, 33, 34

Hunt v. Washington Apple Advertising Comm'n,

432 U.S. 333 (1977) 13

Japan Lines, Ltd. v. County of Los Angeles,

441 U.S. 434 (1979) 41

K.S.B. Technical Sales Corp. v.

New Jersey District Water Supply Comm'n,

381 A.2d 774 (N.J. 1977),

app. dismissed, 435 U.S. 982 (1978) 30, 32, 34, 51n

Kargman v. Sullivan,

552 F.2d 1 (1st Cir. 1977) 26

Kraft General Foods, Inc. v. Iowa Dep't of Revenue,

505 U.S. 71 (1992) 39

Arthur D. Little, Inc. v.

Comm'r of Health & Hospitals of Cambridge,

395 Mass. 535,

481 N.E.2d 441 (1985) 50

Lujan v. National Wildlife Federation,

497 U.S. 871 (1990) 12

Philip Morris, Inc. v. Harshbarger,

122 F.3d 58 (1st Cir. 1997) 17, 18, 19, 22, 23,

24, 26, 27

NAACP v. Claiborne Hardware Co.,

458 U.S. 886 (1982) 53

National Kerosene Heater Ass'n v.

Commonwealth of Massachusetts,

653 F. Supp. 1079 (D. Mass. 1986) 42

New York v. United States,

505 U.S. 144 (1992) 27n

New York Times Co. v.

City of New York Comm'n on Human Rights,

41 N.Y. 2d 345,

361 N.E.2d 963 (1977) 52n

Northeastern Florida Chapter of the Associated Gen.

Contractors of America v. City of Jacksonville,

508 U.S. 656 (1993) 15, 16

Oregon Waste Systems v. Dept. of Environmental Quality,

511 U.S. 93 (1994) 28

Pacific Gas & Electric v.

Energy Resources Comm'n,

461 U.S. 190 (1983) 27

Perkins v. Lukens Steel Co.,

310 U.S. 113 (1940) 58

Red Lion Broadcasting v. FCC,

395 U.S. 367 (1969) 24n

Reeves, Inc. v. Stake,

447 U.S. 429 (1980) 18, 29, 30, 31,

33 & n, 34

Regan v. Wald,

468 U.S. 222 (1984) 57

Regents of Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke,

438 U.S. 265 (1978) 15, 16

Rice v. Santa Fe Elevator Corp.,

331 U.S. 218 (1947) 17

Shaw v. Delta Airlines, Inc.,

463 U.S. 85 (1983) 17

South-Central Timber Development, Inc. v.

Wunnicke,

467 U.S. 82 (1984) 32n, 34, 35

Southern Pacific Co. v. Arizona,

325 U.S. 761 (1945) 44n

Springfield Rare Coin Galleries, Inc. v. Johnson,

115 Ill.2d 221,

503 N.E.2d 300 (1986) 52n

Steel Company v. Citizens for a Better Environment,

118 S.Ct. 1012 (1998) 12

Students Government Association v.

Board of Trustees,

868 F.2d 473 (1st Cir. 1989) 53n

Tayyari v. New Mexico State University,

495 F. Supp. 1365 (D.N.M. 1980) 51n

Thompson v. Thompson,

484 U.S. 174 (1988) 18n

Trojan Technologies, Inc. v.

Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,

742 F. Supp. 900 (M.D. Pa. 1990),

aff'd, 916 F.2d 903 (3d Cir. 1990), cert. denied,

501 U.S. 1212 (1991) 30, 32 & n, 34, 42,

43, 48, 49, 50, 59

United States v. Colgate & Co.,

250 U.S. 300 (1919) 29-30

United States v. Students Challenging Regulatory

Agency Procedures (SCRAP)
,

412 U.S. 669 (1973) 13

Valley Forge College v. Americans United for

Separation of Church and State
,

454 U.S. 464 (1982) 13

Wardair Canada, Inc. v. Florida Dep't of Revenue,

477 U.S. 1 (1986) 41 , 42

Warth v. Seldin,

422 U.S. 490 (1975) 12-13, 15

Washington Legal Foundation v.

Massachusetts Bar Foundation,

795 F. Supp. 50 (D. Mass. 1992),

aff'd, 993 F.2d 962 (1st Cir. 1993) 12

West Lynn Creamery v. Healy,

512 U.S. 186 (1994) 40n

White v. Massachusetts Council of

Construction Employers, Inc
.,

460 U.S. 204 (1983) 29, 30, 35, 36

Wisconsin Dep't of Industry v. Gould,

475 U.S. 282 (1982) 27n, 28n, 35, 36,

37, 57

Wisconsin Public Intervenor v. Mortier,

501 U.S. 595 (1991) 24n, 26

Zschernig v. Miller,

389 U.S. 429 (1968) 17, 46, 47, 48, 49,

50, 51n, 52, 54, 57

<h2>Federal Constitution, Statutes, and Regulations</h2>

U.S. Const. Art. I 46

U.S. Const. Art. I, § 8,

the Commerce Clause and

Foreign Commerce Clause passim

U.S. Const. Art. I, § 8, cl. 3 28

U.S. Const. Art. I, § 10 46n

U.S. Const. Art. I, § 10, cls. 1-3 46

U.S. Const. Art. II 46

U.S. Const. Art. II, § 2 45

U.S. Const. Art. III 12, 16

U.S. Const. Art. III, § 2 46n

U.S. Const. Art. VI, cl. 2, Supremacy Clause 17

U.S. Const., 1st Amendment 3, 44, 52, 53 & n

U.S. Const., 10th Amendment 3, 18, 30, 44, 45, 52

Export Administration Act of 1979

50 U.S.C. § 2407(c) 18

Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act (CAAA) of 1986,

P.L. 99-349, 100 Stat. 1086 18-19, 26

P.L. 99-349, § 606 18, 19

Uruguay Round Agreement Act of 1994 (URRA),

P.L. 103-465, § 102(b)(2), 108 Stat. 4809 21n

P.L. 103-465, § 102(c)(1) 44n, 51

The Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act of 1997 (OCCA),

Pub. L. No. 104-208, § 570, 110 Stat. 3009-166 8, 9

§ 570(a) 9

§ 570(a)(1) 9, 20

§ 570(a)(2) 9, 20

§ 570(b) 9, 10

§ 570(c) 9, 21

§ 570(d) 10

§ 570(f)(2) 9

National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) 27n, 35, 36

61 Fed. Reg. 28,301 (1997) 10, 20, 21

61 Fed. Reg. 52233, 1996 U.S.C.C.A.N. A83,

Presidential Proclamation No. 6925 (October 3, 1996) 10

62 Fed. Reg. 65005 (December 10, 1997) 5

63 Fed. Reg. 27659-27661 (May 19, 1998) 5

63 Fed Reg. 34255 (June 24, 1998) 5

Massachusetts Statutes


M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22(17)(West 1996 ed.) 58n

M.G.L.A. c. 7, §§ 22C-22F (West 1996 ed.) 59n

M.G. L.A. c. 7, §§ 22G-22M (West 1998 Supp.) 1, 6

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22G (West 1998 Supp.) 6, 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H (West 1998 Supp.) 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H(a)(West 1998 Supp.) 6

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H(b)1 (West 1998 Supp.) 6

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H(b)2 (West 1998 Supp.) 6

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H(d)(West 1998 Supp.) 2, 6

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22H(e)(West 1998 Supp.) 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22I (West 1998 Supp.) 6, 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22J (West 1998 Supp.) 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22J(b)(West 1998 Supp.) 7

M.G.L.A. c. 7, § 22J(c)(West 1998 Supp.) 7

Ch. 130 of the Massachusetts Acts of 1996,

"An Act Regulating State Contracts with Companies

Doing Business with or in Burma (Myanmar)" passim

Ch. 130 of the Acts of 1996, § 3 7

Mass. Const. Pt. 1, art. 1 2

Miscellaneous


Brenda S. Beerman,

"State Involvement in the Promotion of Export Trade,"

21 N.C.J. Int'l. L. & Com. Reg. 187 (1995) 55

Richard B. Bilder,

The Role of States and Cities in Foreign Relations,

83 Am. J. Int'l Law 821 (1989) 53, 55

The Federalist,

No. 22 (C. Rossiter ed. 1961) 58

Jack L. Goldsmith,

Federal Courts, Foreign Affairs, and Federalism,

83 Va. L. Rev. 1617 (1997) 57n

L. Henkin,

Foreign Affairs and the Constitution (1972 ed.) 45n

L. Henkin,

Foreign Affairs and the Constitution (1996 ed.) 45, 46, 48, 55

Andrea L. McCardle,

In Defense of State and Local Government

Anti-Apartheid Measures: Infusing Democratic

Values into Foreign Policymaking
,

62 Temple L. Rev. 813 (1989) 53

10 Op. Office of Legal Counsel, Dept. of Justice, 65,

1986 WL 213238 33 & n, 36, 43, 49

Debora L. Spar,

The Spotlight and the Bottom Line --

How Multinationals Export Human Rights
,

77 Foreign Affairs (March/April 1998) 37, 38

L. Tribe,

Constitutional Choices (1985) 34

L. Tribe,

Constitutional Law, §§ 6-22, p. 469 (1988 ed.) 31

United States Department of Labor,

The Apparel Industry Codes of Conduct: A Solution

to the International Child Labor Problem?
(1996) 37, 56

U.S. State Department Report to Congress

(June 13, 1997) 3

Wall Street Journal,

March 25, 1997 4

Copyright © 2014 Public Citizen. Some rights reserved. Non-commercial use of text and images in which Public Citizen holds the copyright is permitted, with attribution, under the terms and conditions of a Creative Commons License. This Web site is shared by Public Citizen Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation. Learn More about the distinction between these two components of Public Citizen.


Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation

 

Together, two separate corporate entities called Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation, Inc., form Public Citizen. Both entities are part of the same overall organization, and this Web site refers to the two organizations collectively as Public Citizen.

Although the work of the two components overlaps, some activities are done by one component and not the other. The primary distinction is with respect to lobbying activity. Public Citizen, Inc., an IRS § 501(c)(4) entity, lobbies Congress to advance Public Citizen’s mission of protecting public health and safety, advancing government transparency, and urging corporate accountability. Public Citizen Foundation, however, is an IRS § 501(c)(3) organization. Accordingly, its ability to engage in lobbying is limited by federal law, but it may receive donations that are tax-deductible by the contributor. Public Citizen Inc. does most of the lobbying activity discussed on the Public Citizen Web site. Public Citizen Foundation performs most of the litigation and education activities discussed on the Web site.

You may make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., Public Citizen Foundation, or both. Contributions to both organizations are used to support our public interest work. However, each Public Citizen component will use only the funds contributed directly to it to carry out the activities it conducts as part of Public Citizen’s mission. Only gifts to the Foundation are tax-deductible. Individuals who want to join Public Citizen should make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., which will not be tax deductible.

 

To become a member of Public Citizen, click here.
To become a member and make an additional tax-deductible donation to Public Citizen Foundation, click here.