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Take This Job and Ship It: White-Collar Service Jobs Now Most Vulnerable to Offshoring

The chart below, which lists the top 100 jobs most likely to be offshored in the next 10-20 years, was taken from the paper "How Many U.S. Jobs Might Be Offshorable?" by Alan S. Blinder. This paper created a sensation when it was published March 2007 thanks to its estimates that 29% of U.S. jobs could be offshored, including high-paying service jobs. Blinder, a professor at Princeton who served on President Clinton's Council of Economic Advisors and on the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve, is a "free trader down to his toes," yet he took a hard look at the data and found that far more jobs are vulnerable to offshoring than anyone had ever imagined. Blinder developed an "Offshorability Index" (OI) which ranks jobs based on their potential for being offshored. We extracted the top 100 most vulnerable occupations and presented them in this summary table. Blinder used occupational categories from the Department of Labor's O*Net database - click the O*Net links below for detailed descriptions each occupation.

Additionally, the Economic Policy Institute has extended the Blinder analysis and mapped his results onto data regarding educational levels and geographic area. The resulting paper, "The Characteristics of Offshorable Jobs," released on November 14, 2007, makes another surprising point: the demographic most vulnerable to offshoring is those persons with at least a four-year college degree.

Occupation Rank O*Net Occupation Info
Computer Programmers 1 [link]
Data Entry Keyers 1 [link]
Electrical and Electronics Drafters 3 [link]
Mechanical Drafters 3 [link]
Computer and Information Scientists, Research 5 [link]
Actuaries 5 [link]
Mathematicians 5 [link]
Statisticians 5 [link]
Mathematical Science Occupations, All Other 9 [link]
Film and Video Editors 9 [link]
Medical Transcriptionists 9 [link]
Telemarketers 9 [link]
Telephone Operators 9 [link]
Proofreaders and Copy Markers 9 [link]
Numerical Tool and Process Control Programmers 9 [link]
Customer Service Representatives A 16 [link]
Reservation and Transportation Ticket Agents and Travel Clerks 16 [link]
Word Processors and Typists 16 [link]
Office Clerks, General A 16 [link]
Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other A 16 [link]
Computer Systems Analysts 21 [link]
Editors 21 [link]
Technical Writers 21 [link]
Interpreters and Translators 21 [link]
Desktop Publishers 21 [link]
Insurance Claims and Policy Processing Clerks 21 [link]
Computer Support Specialists A 27 [link]
Network Systems and Data Communications Analysts 27 [link]
Information and Record Clerks, All Other 27 [link]
Computer Specialists, All Other 30 [link]
Architectural and Civil Drafters 30 [link]
Drafters, All Other 30 [link]
Survey Researchers 30 [link]
Writers and Authors 30 [link]
Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators 30 [link]
Statistical Assistants 30 [link]
Economists 37 [link]
Fine Artists, Including Painters, Sculptors, and Illustrators 37 [link]
Multi-Media Artists and Animators 39 [link]
Cartographers and Photogrammetrists 40 [link]
Graphic Designers 40 [link]
Travel Guides 40 [link]
Insurance Underwriters 43 [link]
Animal Scientists 43 [link]
Commercial and Industrial Designers 43 [link]
Bookkeeping, Accounting, and Auditing Clerks 46 [link]
Biochemists and Biophysicists 47 [link]
Microbiologists 47 [link]
Biological Scientists, All Other 47 [link]
Medical Records and Health Information Technicians 47 [link]
Operations Research Analysts 51 [link]
Atmospheric and Space Scientists 52 [link]
Credit Authorizers, Checkers, and Clerks 53 [link]
Fabric and Apparel Patternmakers 53 [link]
Food Scientists and Technologists 55 [link]
Mathematical Technicians 56 [link]
Designers, All Other 57 [link]
Correspondence Clerks 57 [link]
Financial Analysts 59 [link]
Financial Managers 60 [link]
Database Administrators 60 [link]
Receptionists and Information Clerks 60 [link]
Computer Operators 60 [link]
Pressers, Textile, Garment, and Related Materials 60 [link]
Sewing Machine Operators 60 [link]
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers 60 [link]
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders 60 [link]
Sewers, Hand 60 [link]
Textile Bleaching and Dyeing Machine Operators and Tenders 60 [link]
Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 [link]
Textile Knitting and Weaving Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 [link]
Textile Winding, Twisting, and Drawing Out Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders 60 [link]
Textile, Apparel, and Furnishings Workers, All Other 60 [link]
Computer Software Engineers, Applications 74 [link]
Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software 74 [link]
Computer Hardware Engineers 76 [link]
Fashion Designers 76 [link]
Accountants and Auditors 78 [link]
Chemical Engineers 78 [link]
Engineers, All Other 78 [link]
Industrial Engineering Technicians 78 [link]
Mechanical Engineering Technicians 78 [link]
Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance 78 [link]
Biomedical Engineers 84 [link]
Materials Engineers 84 [link]
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer 86 [link]
Industrial Engineers 86 [link]
Mechanical Engineers 86 [link]
Customer Service Representatives B 86 [link]
Office Clerks, General B 86 [link]
Office and Administrative Support Workers, All Other B 86 [link]
Tool and Die Makers 86 [link]
Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers 86 [link]
Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 86 [link]
Lay-Out Workers, Metal and Plastic 86 [link]
Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic 86 [link]
Metal Workers and Plastic Workers, All Other 86 [link]
Semiconductor Processors 86 [link]
Helpers--Production Workers 86 [link]
Marine Engineers and Naval Architects 100 [link]
Secretaries, Except Legal, Medical, and Executive A 100 [link]
Cutters and Trimmers, Hand 100 [link]
Molders, Shapers, and Casters, Except Metal and Plastic 100 [link]
Tire Builders 100 [link]

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