» Clean Energy

» Affordable Energy

» Clean, Affordable Transportation

» Dirty Coal

» Nuclear Relapse

Sign-up for Energy Action Alerts

CitizenVox: Standing Up to Corporate Power

Energy Policy Act of 2005

The Energy Policy Act (EPACT) of 2005 promotes the same 20th century energy technologies that pollute, are costly and crowd out new 21st century opportunities by providing billions of dollars in unjustified subsidies to the fossil fuel and nuclear energy industries. In addition, the legislation sidestepped a path toward energy independence by failing to establish mandatory improvements in automobile fuel efficiency ("CAFE" standards). Finally, the legislation repealed the Public Utility Holding Company Act (PUHCA), an essential consumer protection that ensures that electric utilities exist to serve the people, not the profit interests of large corporations.

From Bill to Law:

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 passed out of the House of Representatives on April 15, 2005. Read the Section-by-Section Analysis of Key Provisions Affecting Consumers in House Version. The bill passed the Senate on July 29, 2005. Read the Section-by-Section Analysis of Key Provisions Affecting Consumers in Senate Version. The bill was signed by President Bush on August 8, 2005. View the final bill.

Extra: Watch Public Citizen's Tyson Slocum debate Rep. Lee Terry (R-NE) about the 2005 energy bill on E&E TV.

Explore In-Depth Analysis of the Energy Policy Act of 2005:

General Guides

Public Citizen's Summary of Energy Industry Giveaways in the Energy Bill
Incentives Title in the Senate Energy Bill: May the Best Lobbyist Win


Nuclear Provisions in the Final Energy Bill
Price-Anderson Act: The Billion Dollar Bailout for Nuclear Power Mishaps

Electricity Deregulation

Analysis of Harmful Provisions in the Electricity Title of the Senate Energy Bill
Access to Books and Records of Utility Owners if PUHCA is Repealed: 9 Reasons Why It's a Joke
Impacts of the Public Utilitiy Holding Company Act Repeal

Oil & Gas

GOP Protects Fuel Additive Manufacturers Despite Drinking Water Contamination

Copyright © 2016 Public Citizen. Some rights reserved. Non-commercial use of text and images in which Public Citizen holds the copyright is permitted, with attribution, under the terms and conditions of a Creative Commons License. This Web site is shared by Public Citizen Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation. Learn More about the distinction between these two components of Public Citizen.

Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation


Together, two separate corporate entities called Public Citizen, Inc. and Public Citizen Foundation, Inc., form Public Citizen. Both entities are part of the same overall organization, and this Web site refers to the two organizations collectively as Public Citizen.

Although the work of the two components overlaps, some activities are done by one component and not the other. The primary distinction is with respect to lobbying activity. Public Citizen, Inc., an IRS § 501(c)(4) entity, lobbies Congress to advance Public Citizen’s mission of protecting public health and safety, advancing government transparency, and urging corporate accountability. Public Citizen Foundation, however, is an IRS § 501(c)(3) organization. Accordingly, its ability to engage in lobbying is limited by federal law, but it may receive donations that are tax-deductible by the contributor. Public Citizen Inc. does most of the lobbying activity discussed on the Public Citizen Web site. Public Citizen Foundation performs most of the litigation and education activities discussed on the Web site.

You may make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., Public Citizen Foundation, or both. Contributions to both organizations are used to support our public interest work. However, each Public Citizen component will use only the funds contributed directly to it to carry out the activities it conducts as part of Public Citizen’s mission. Only gifts to the Foundation are tax-deductible. Individuals who want to join Public Citizen should make a contribution to Public Citizen, Inc., which will not be tax deductible.


To become a member of Public Citizen, click here.
To become a member and make an additional tax-deductible donation to Public Citizen Foundation, click here.